Brief Information about the islands that make up the Azores
Santa Maria is about 55 miles from S. Miguel island (30 minutes by plane). It is the third smallest island of the Azores, known as the yellow island. The surface area is approximately of 38 sq miles (97 km2). The island has about 5500 inhabitants. The municipal seat is located in the parish of "Vila do Porto".
São Miguel, known as "The Green Island", is the largest and most populated island of the Azores as well as the home to the Presidency of the Autonomous Region of the Azores. S. Miguel Island has a surface area of approximately 293 square miles (759 km2). The island covers 759 km2 (293 sq mi) and has around 150,000 inhabitants, 50,000 of them located in Ponta Delgada the largest city in the archipelago.
Terceira (the "lilac" island) is located approximately 90 miles off São Miguel and 66 miles off Faial, and has a surface area of 148 sq. miles (382 km2). The international airport, located in "Lajes", about 2 miles from the city of "Praia da Vitoria", serves both civilian and military needs, and includes both the Military Command for the Azores as well as an important American Air Force Base located in Lajes. Terceira is the second most populated Azorean island with 58,000 inhabitants and the third biggest in surface area after São Miguel and Pico.
Approximately 31 miles from Terceira lies the island of Graciosa (gracious in English). It has a surface area of 24 square miles (61 km2). It is called the white island due to the landscape and the names given to certain places like "Pedras Brancas" or White Stones, "Serra Branca" or White Mountain, and "Barro Branco" or White Clay. The island has about 4,600 inhabitants. The main municipalities are "Santa Cruz" and "Lajes".
The island of São Jorge is part of Azores' central group and lies 21,6 miles off Graciosa, 11 miles off Pico, 32,4 miles off Terceira and 16,2 miles off Faial. It has an approximate area of 95 sq. miles (246 km2). The island has about 9,500 inhabitants. The main municipalities are Velas and Calheta.
Pico, named for its imposing mountain, is one of the most beautiful and underrated islands of the Azores. Only second to S. Miguel in size the 'Mountain Island' stands majestically in the middle of the Azorean central group, at about 4.5 nautical miles from Faial Island and 11 miles from S. Jorge Island. It is approximately 167 square miles (433 km2).
Faial (the 'blue' island), along with São Jorge, is part of the Azores central group, located about 66 miles from Terceira, 4.5 miles from Pico and 11 miles from S. Jorge. The surface area of Faial is approximately 67 square miles (173 km2). The island has about 15.000 inhabitants and its main municipal seat is located in the city of Horta. Different colours of blue decorate the houses, divide the fields and line the roadsides, giving Faial the name of Blue Island.
The island of Flores is the westernmost point of the Azores Archipelago and of the European continent. Flores is about 15 miles from Corvo. The two islands make up the western group of the archipelago. Flores has area of around 55 square miles (143 Km2), and about 4,000 inhabitants. The main Flores municipalities include Santa Cruz and Lajes. Flores as well as Corvo are part of the North American tectonic plate, unlike all the other Azorean islands which sit on the European plate.
Volcanic in origin, Corvo is the smallest island in the Archipelago, with an area of 7 square miles (17.5 Km2) and 400 inhabitants. The municipal center is at Vila do Corvo. Corvo is the smallest municipality in the archipelago of the Azores constituting the island of Corvo in its entirety. The island living area is essencially formed by the airport, a main street and a plaza.
More information, videos and assistance can be found at Azores.com